Education in Comoros
Published by UNESCO "UNION NACIONAL DE EDUCACION SUPERIOR CONTINUA ORGANIZADA"
"NATIONAL UNION OF CONTINUOUS ORGANIZED HIGHER EDUCATION"
Known as one of the poorest countries in the world, Comoros, an archipelago in the western Indian Ocean, has struggled to get children enrolled in schools. Education in Comoros is mandatory between the ages of six and 16, yet a large portion of the population still receives little to no education at all. Primary school lasts for six years, followed by seven years of secondary school. However, given that the country only has one university, most students seek higher education abroad.
Comorans attain an average of 2.85 years of schooling, leading to an adult literacy rate of around 75 percent. While under French rule from 1843 to 1975, Comoros based its education system after that of France. Today, the education system is composed of the formal school, taught mainly in French, and the Koranic school, due to the vast majority of Comorans being Sunni Muslims. Often as a result of financial issues, many families opt to send their children to Koranic schools, where students can receive an Islamic education for free.
Despite the school options available, enrollment rates have been on the decline, with schools being affected by political instability and unrest from teacher strikes and student protests. After the country gained independence, a large number of French teachers were let go, causing the system to be plagued by poor teacher training and even poorer results.
Dropout rates are high, with only 35 percent of students advancing to secondary school. Although enrollment for primary schools has improved, the transition to secondary school is only around 60 percent.
To cope with the constraints of the education system, the Education Sector Support Program in Comoros (PASEC) was implemented during the 2005-2010 period in collaboration with the European Union. In spite of that, it was not until recently that the country started seeing results.
Around 320 primary and secondary schools were refurnished and remodeled, while training was provided to school directors, education inspectors and teachers. Around $16.5 million has gone into PASEC and has assisted Comoros in achieving the Millennium Development Goals. With such assistance, net access to primary education has increased by six percent over the span of seven years and the gap between boys and girls enrolled in schools is steadily decreasing.
General Information about education system and profesional training
of Comoros has been targeting education as one of its main priorities. The
educational system of the Comoros is structured as follows:
- General education: consists of pre-school, primary (6 years ) , college (4 years) and high school (3 years) . Regarding general education, with the support of donors and NGOs including the Community Development Support Fund (FADC) financed by the WB , the governement implements the basic infrastructures necessary to facilitate access to education for any school-age person.
Also there are several private schools at the general and professional education that are complementary to the public education system. The adult literacy rate is estimated in at 75.1% (80.3% for males, 69.3% for women) and the combined primary, secondary and tertiary school gross enrolment ratio in 2006 was 46.4%.
- Profesional training:
education : there are in Comoros several schools that
train young people to trades and professions. Among others the National
Technical and Vocational School ( ENTP ) that train in the fields of
construction , electricity , mechanics , carpentry, .... the
National School of Fisheries. Beside that the Emdad
Committee ( Iranian NGO provides training in NTIC)
University Education and Statistics
The University of Comoros is located in Moroni on the island of Grand Comore and it is created on 2003 by the will president Azali Assoumani. Officially it is opened on 20 February 2004. The university hosts a large majority of Comorian graduates who previously had to travel to other countries to continue their higher education.The university was launched with the main goal of laying down the foundations of an education system and providing a key tools for the acquisition of knowledges. It was a great moment to revise basic education in the Comoros.
The opening of the University of Comoros meant a lot for Comorian families not only because it was considered a significant step towards knowledge but also because it helped those families who could nmuch efforts to pay their children’s education abroad.
The university is composed by:
-for faculties: faculty of low and economics, faculty of arts and human sciences, faculty of arabic litterature and islamic sciences, faculty of science and mathematics
-The University institute of Technologie consists of the following departements:
Departement of Computer Engineering
Departement of Tourisme and Hospitality
Departement of Management and Business Administration
Departement of Statistics
Departement of Civil Engineering
Departement of Commerce
-The school of medecine and public health
Useful Links related to the University of Comoros
International Primary and Secondary Schools
Today there is
only one international school in Comoros, and that is the French School “Henri
Matisse” which is based in Moroni, Grande Comore, and which provides
international primary and secondary teaching.
Useful links related to the Henri Matisse International School