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Education in Algeria

Published by UNESCO "UNION NACIONAL DE EDUCACION SUPERIOR CONTINUA ORGANIZADA"

 "NATIONAL UNION OF CONTINUOUS ORGANIZED HIGHER EDUCATION"

 

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Education Opportunities in Algeria

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Official education systems in Algeria were begun by French colonists who forced school-going Algerian children to learn the European languages that their own children where familiar with. Schools were not widespread and only a small minority was able to receive this education. However, things changed dramatically when Algeria gained independence. Schooling systems underwent a major reform and more schools were built and made accessible to the general population. As is the case with any developing nation, there is always room for improvement and the relevant authorities continue to focus on developing education in Algeria.

According to a census taken in 2003, only 70 percent of the population was literate. Whilst not bad compared to some other African countries, this still falls far below international standards. Statistics revealed that more males are literate than females. There is a startling 20% difference between the two genders despite the widespread promotion of gender equality. The largest challenge currently faced by the education department is that of actually keeping school-age children in school. While Algerian law states that all children aged 6-15 must attend school, there is still a lack of enrollment of children by parents. Most children are enrolled in primary school, but only about half of these are again enrolled in secondary school. While schools are free, accessibility may prove to be a challenge for some - especially for those living in rural areas. Sometimes, but not always, there may also not be enough emphasis on the importance of completing secondary education within the family unit.

Algeria has a good number of tertiary education facilities. These include ten universities, seven university centers and a number of technical colleges. Initially the primary language for instruction at these institutions was Arabic, but Berber has been permitted since 2003. Those that take their schooling seriously and who graduate from university often go on to get better jobs and live better lives than their contemporaries, highlighting the importance of education.

 

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Education System in Algeria

 

 

Education

School/Level

Grade From

Grade To

Age From

Age To

Years

Notes

Primary

Primary Education

1

9

6

15

9

Primary education is free and compulsory for all children between the ages of 6 and 15

Secondary

General Secondary Education

10

12

15

18

3

 

Secondary

Vocational Secondary Education

 

 

15

 

3

 

Tertiary

University / College

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Primary Education

 

Education is mandatory and free for all Algerian children from age 6 through the 9 years of primary school that follow. Despite this, a number of children still fail to attend and the situation is worse for girls. The medium of education is Arabic. An average school day is 6 hours.

Secondary Education

 

Less than half the children who complete primary school take their studies further. At secondary level there are 3 streams, namely general, specialized and technical / vocational. Those in the first 2 of these study for 3 years before writing their baccalauréat de l'enseignement secondaire that is the key to tertiary education. Technical / vocational education may last between 1 and 4 years, and aims to prepare students for an active life in industry. It may also lead to higher education in certain cases.

Vocational Education

 

The Algerian vocational training system is steadily being transformed to one that is more in harmony with the nation’s needs and an emerging more progressive employment environment. This process is supported by a number of other nations, as it continues to be in active dialogue with local traditional and religious values too.

 

Tertiary Education

 

Algeria EducationAlgeria has a wide range of universities, and other centers of higher education too including specialized and teacher training institutes. Degrees awarded are based on the field of study, and curriculums are standardized by the ministry of higher education. 

 

 

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