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Education in Angola

Published by UNESCO "UNION NACIONAL DE EDUCACION SUPERIOR CONTINUA ORGANIZADA"

 "NATIONAL UNION OF CONTINUOUS ORGANIZED HIGHER EDUCATION"

 

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Education

Primary & secondary

Before independence, education was mainly carried out by churches and very few Angolans had access to schooling. After independence in 1975, investment in education saw the number of primary schools rise dramatically. However, the long decades of war brought much devastation.

Around four-fifths of all schools were either deserted or destroyed during the civil war. Therefore the majority of Angolan children did not attend school in the years before peace came in 2002.A school in Lubango

Angola’s constitution provides for free primary education from the age of seven. However, schools suffer from a severe shortage of facilities, teachers and materials. The government is trying to address the problem by building new schools and training teachers.

Secondary education begins at the age of 11, when pupils initially study for four years. They can then go on to do another three year cycle.

73% of young Angolans (aged 15-24) are able to read and write. However there is a large gap between literacy rates for girls and boys. 81% of young men (aged 15-24) can read and write, compared to only 65% of girls.

International schools in Luanda

International schools in Luanda are supported by the companies and embassies that founded them. Tuition is extremely high and is usually paid by the employing company. Expats moving to Angola with children of school age must make sure that a schooling allowance is included in their contract.

Security is tight at all schools, so safety shouldn't be a concern. The international schools' classrooms are generally air-conditioned and have reasonable facilities, with reliable back-up systems for electricity, water and Internet. Some schools offer cafeteria lunches, while others end the day early so students can eat lunch at home.

Finding qualified teachers willing to live and work in Angola is a challenge for all schools. There are few local staff, and most teachers are expats themselves. The quality of education can be inconsistent because teachers change from year to year. Students and teachers alike are known to have visa renewal issues, causing them to miss large blocks of school that can be difficult to make up.

The school year at Angolan international schools usually follows that of the school's home country. The school week in Angola runs from Monday to Friday, while the school day is normally from 8am to 3pm.

Children either go to school with a private car or bus provided by their parent's employer. Where companies provide a bus from expat compounds, expat moms often take turns being 'bus mom'. Angolan bus drivers rarely speak English, so for safety companies often require a parent on board to handle whatever comes up in English. The parents usually coordinate the 'bus mom' schedule amongst themselves.

School admissions

Angolan law requires international schools to ensure that both expats and local students (usually the children of high government officials) are allowed to apply. 
Some schools give preference to the children of employees from their sponsoring companies, so expats should contact their employer to ask whether they sponsor any schools or can recommend a specific one.

As a result of the limited number of schools and further limits on class sizes, schools usually have lengthy waiting lists. Expats shouldn't accept an assignment to Luanda without first being assured of a space for their child at the school of their choice.

The documents needed to apply to an international school in Angola can include:

·         Completed registration form

·         Medical information and up-to-date vaccinations 

·         Academic records

·         Copies of the child's passport

·         Non-refundable application fee

·         References from teachers and principal of previous school

·         English schools may require an English-language proficiency test


Homeschooling in Angola

Homeschooling is an option if parents are able to bring the curriculum with them. That said, Internet service is often unreliable while textbooks and libraries are rare outside of schools.

 

 

 

UNICEF Education report 2017 for Angola

 

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Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, male

80.1

Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, female

66.1

Number per 100 population 2012, mobile phones

48.6

Number per 100 population 2012, Internet users

16.9

Pre-primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008 -2012*, male

103.4

Pre-primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008 -2012*, female

105.5

Primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

137.3

Primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

111.6

Primary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

93.1

Primary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

78.2

Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

77.2

Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

75.4

Primary school participation, Survival rate to last primary grade (%) , 2008-2012*, admin. data

31.9

Primary school participation, Survival rate to last primary grade (%) , 2008-2012*, survey data

83.1

Secondary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

14.9

Secondary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

12.1

Secondary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

20.6

Secondary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

 

 

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